WWII Timeline

Timeline created by Katelyn Lang
In History
  • Mussolini takes over Italy's Government

    Mussolini takes over Italy's Government
    After WWI Italy was a war torn country and in need of a strong government to help restore Italy back to its prosperous days. Mussolini had ideas to bring this dream to life and created a Fascist Party.

    More info
    References
  • Nazi's Reach a Political Majority in Germany

    Nazi's Reach a Political Majority in Germany
    Hitler started building up his Nazi party after WWI with speeches to the German citizens about the pride of being a German and blaming the Jews for many of Germany’s problems. He connected to the citizens and soon became the Fuhrer of the Nazi's.
    More info
    References
  • Beer Hall Putsch

    Beer Hall Putsch
    This was Hitler's first attempt in gaining control of Germany. On this day Hitler and his Nazi followers captured the Bavarian government and forced them into supporting the Nazi party. Although on the next day Hitler and his men were surrounded by armed officials and Hitler was sent to prison.
    More info
    References
  • Kellogg-Briand Pact

    Kellogg-Briand Pact
    This pact, better known as the Pact of Paris, was created by French and U.S diplomats. The pact agreed the the two countries could not call war on the other. It was later agreed to by 15 other countries, but proved to be useless because the lack of reinforcements it provided.
    More info
    References
  • U.S. Stock Market Crash

    U.S. Stock Market Crash
    When WWI came to an end the production levels of supplies dropped drastically. Soon there were less jobs being offered to people and wages dropped. Then on Black Tuesday 16,410,030 shares were traded that the stock market crashed.
    More info
    References
  • Japan Invades Manchuria

    Japan Invades Manchuria
    Japan had a growing population and not enough space to fit all of their citizens. So the Japanese looked to Manchuria which was rich in resources and had enough space to solve their population problem. Japan sent troops to Manchuria and when they were ordered to return the troops went against their government's orders and attacked.
    More info
    References
  • Hitler Becomes Germany's Chancellor

    Hitler Becomes Germany's Chancellor
    Hitler was gaining popularity with the German citizens with his speeches of restoring Germany to its glory days, but not everyone was fond of Hitler. The President at the time felt that Hitler should have no part in the German government and tried everything to keep him out. The Preident was soon persuaded differently though by the Chancellor Franz von Papen.
    More info
    References
  • Japan Withdraws from the League of Nations

    Japan Withdraws from the League of Nations
    After Japan's invasion of Manchuria the League was called to order to discuss Japan's actions. The League advised Japan to withdrawl from Manchuria but they refused and withdrew from the League.
    More info
    References
  • First Anti-Semitic Law is passed in Germany

    First Anti-Semitic Law is passed in Germany
    This law was a discriminatory law against the Jews that prevented them from having the same rights as other German citizens. This put restrictions on certain occupations Jews could hold and certain types of schooling they were allowed to have.
    More info
    References
  • The night of the long knives (Rohm Purge)

    The night of the long knives (Rohm Purge)
    On this night Hitler planned to dispose of everyone in his party he felt no longer fit. Hitler and men of the SS killed members of the Weimar Republic and those who were part of his private army, the SA.
    More info
    References
  • Hitler openly announces to his cabinet he will defy the Treaty of Versailles

    Hitler openly announces to his cabinet he will defy the Treaty of Versailles
    On this day Hitler announced to his cabniet that he was going to go against the League of Nations and start building up the German army. No one in the German government tried to stop Hitler with this risky move.
    More info
    References
  • Creation of the Nuremberg Laws

    Creation of the Nuremberg Laws
    These laws were the next level to the anti-semitic laws in Germany. These laws stated who German citizens were allowed to marry and reproduce with depending on their religion. This also dictated how the Jews were to dress and their new position in German society.
    More info Reference
  • Italy invades Ethiopia

    Italy invades Ethiopia
    When Mussolini took over Italy he had plans of expanding Italy's empire and wanted to start in the south. He decided on Ethiopia due to the embarrassment of losing to them in the past. The League of Nations did not prevent or discourage this attack.
    More info
    References
  • Hitler Militarizes the Rhineland

    Hitler Militarizes the Rhineland
    After Hitler had built up his new German army he decided to take another risky move. He would go against the Treaty of Versailles again and enter the Rhineland. When he entered he expected some kind of resistance but it never came. He was not punished for any of his actions.
    More info
    References
  • Rape of Nanking

    Rape of Nanking
    When Japan was invading China they soon captured the capital, Nanking. In an attempt to coax the Chinese into surrendering Japan's General Matsui ordered his troops to destroy the city. The soldiers committed crimes of all multitudes in Naking and killed nearly half of the city's population.
    More info
    References
  • Germany Annexes Austria

    Germany Annexes Austria
    Hitler was planning on expanding Germany's empire even more by annexing Austria. When troops marched into Autria the Austrian citizens did not resist the invasion they instead welcomed the chance of becoming part of the German empire.
    More info
    References
  • Hitler demands the Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia

    Hitler demands the Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia
    Hitler also wanted the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia to be added to his empire. So on this day Hitler gave the Sudetenland the ultimatum of surrender or military action. This demand sparked the military mobilization of Britain and France.
    More info
    References
  • Munich Conference

    Munich Conference
    This conference was held between the League of Nations and Germany to discuss Hitler's recent demand of the Sudetenland. When the conference was over the League had gave in to Hitler's demands as long as he agreed this was the end of Germany's imperialism.
    More info
    References
  • Kristallnacht

    Kristallnacht
    On this night Jewish buildings and homes were burned and demolished. Jewish worshipping areas were ruined and nearly 30,000 Jewish citizens were taken into concentration camps. This event triggered the evacuation of many German Jews trying to escape Hitler's aggressive rule.
    More info
    References
  • Einstein’s letter to FDR, “The Manhattan Project”

    Einstein’s letter to FDR, “The Manhattan Project”
    When Albert Einstein immigrated from Germany he found it at the upmost importance that the U.S President know the dangers of atomic bomb research. Einstein knew that the Germans were researching the same information. President Roosevelt saw the importance of this matter and started "The Manhattan Project."
    More info
    References
  • Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact

    Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact
    This pact was signed by Russia and Germany to develop an alliance. This pact also included details on how the two countries would spit up Poland after Germany invaded and captured it. This was a safety net for Germany to make sure they would have no interruptions from other countries while they were invading Poland.
    More info
    References
  • Nazi invasion of Poland

    Nazi invasion of Poland
    On this day 1.5 million German troops were sent into Poland to capture the country. The German government staged this as a self defense act to their citizens to justify the invasion. The German people knew this action would result in the mobilization of other countries, but they saw it as the only option.
    More info
    References
  • Evacuation of Dunkirk

    Evacuation of Dunkirk
    Germans were gaining land in France rapidly and the French troops could not keep up and were soon cornered. In England Churchill was planning an evacuation to get as many troops out of France as he could. On this day boats of all kinds, big and small, shipped troops back and forth to safety in Britain. This plan saved many soldiers who would have more than likely been killed otherwise.
    More info
    References
  • France Surrenders

    France Surrenders
    France was overwhelmed with German soldiers and soon Paris was captured. On this day Marshal Henri Petain, the new French Prime minister, surrendered to the Nazis. Even though the French surrendered they would not accept becoming Nazis and urged Britain to keep fighting.
    More info
    References
  • Battle of Britain

    Battle of Britain
    The Battle of Britain was a brutal air battle between the German Lutwaffe and the British Royal Air Force. The German's bombed Britain air stations and cities destroing wide amounts of land, but the British prevailed. A major advantage to the British was the use of radar for the first time and this provided much assistance.
    More info
    References
  • The Tripartite Pact

    The Tripartite Pact
    This pact joined the countries of Germany, Italy, and Japan under the axis alliance. These countries agreed to provide assistance to any of the countries involved in the treaty if they were under attack. The nations under this pact also agreed to what land each was allowed to dictate.
    More info
    References
  • Lend-Lease Act

    Lend-Lease Act
    The U.S. wanted to stay neutral in the war but they also wanted to help their allies. The Lend-Lease Act was created so that the U.S. could send war supplies their ally Britaian. This action upset the Axis powers greatly.
    More info
    References
  • Operation Barbarossa

    Operation Barbarossa
    In Hitler's mass takeover of Europe he soon became greedy. Operation Barbarossa was his plan to capture Russia. German troops expected a quick takeover of Russia and attacked on this day. But the German troops had greatly underestimated their target. Russia fought hard against Germany and eventually took victory. This action cut the ties between Germany's and Russia's non-aggression pact.
    More info
    References
  • Bombing of Pearl Harbor

    Bombing of Pearl Harbor
    On this day Japanese planes bombed an American naval base in Honolulu, Hawaii. This attack destroyed many of Americas naval ships and the relationship between Japan and the U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's first form of action after this attack was permission from Cogress to declare war on Japan. This attack brought all of the most powerful nations into the war.
    More info
    References
  • Creation of the United Nations

    Creation of the United Nations
    This was an agreement between 26 countries to attempt what the League of Nations could not, create peace in the world. All of the countries involved in this league were after the same goal, which was to end World War II by taking down Germany.
    More info
    References
  • The Wannsee Conference and the “Final Solution”

    The Wannsee Conference and the “Final Solution”
    This meeting was held between Hitler and some of the high ranking German government. Here they discussed how they would dispose of the Jewish population in Germany. Since the whole population couldn't be migrated out of Europe these officials needed a new plan to efficiently kill thousands of people at a time. They held this conference until all of the variables of this new extermination plan were settled.
    More info
    References
  • Bataan Death March

    Bataan Death March
    The U.S. wanted revenge on Japan after Pearl Harbor, so as a result they invaded the Philippines where Japanese troops were occupied. But America underestimated Japan's troops and soon the U.S was cornered. 75,000 troops surrendered to the Japanese and were forced to walk to their prisoner camp. The Japanese troops treated the captured horribly and many died as a result.
    More info
    References
  • Doolittle Raid

    Doolittle Raid
    In an attempt to raise America's spirits and counterattack Japan, President Franklin D Roosevelt started up the Dolittle Raid. Led by James Dolittle U.S. planes bombed some of Japan's biggest cities. This attack did limited damage but it did reveal Japans weak spots and gave the American people new hope of victory.
    More info
    References
  • Battle of Midway

    Battle of Midway
    Japan wanted to finish what they started and take out the rest of America's naval army. They planned on luring the U.S into the open Pacific waters then attacking in an ambush. Little did they know that American intelligence had decoded these Japanese plans and were ready for this attack. The U.S. became the victor in this battle while Japan suffered a hard loss.
    More info
    References
  • Battle of Stalingrad

    Battle of Stalingrad
    Still attempting to gain control over Russia Hitler moved his troops attention the the city of Stalingrad. The two countries fought hard against each other, but Germany was poorly prepared for the conditions of a Russian winter. Soon German troops in Stalingrad had to surrender against Hitler's orders or else they would have all perished. This was a monumetous win for the Allies and a devestating loss for the Germans.
    More info
    References
  • Operation Torch

    Operation Torch
    This plan was made to attack the "soft underbelly" of Europe. Allied troops planned to go into the Northern half of Africa and the country of Italy to take out one of the Axis powers. Since most of the troops in these areas were French citizens the Allies hoped for little resistance in this invasion.
    More info
    References
  • Island Hopping

    Island Hopping
    This was a U.S. plan to get close enough to Japan to bomb from the ground while also taking out some of their troops at the same time. In this operation U.S. troops would stop at every Japanese occupied island to elimanate Japanese occupation.
    More info
    References
  • Operation Overlord and D-Day

    Operation Overlord and D-Day
    On this day troops from America, Britain, and Canada invaded 5 beaches of France in one of the largest assualts ever made in World War II. This invasion was carefully planned and went through every variable. The Allied forces first decieved Germany into what was thought to be an air invasion. Then Germany was caught off guard when the real invasion started. The Germans were caught up in mass confusion while the Allied powers started gaining land fast.
    More info
    References
  • Operation Valkyrie

    Operation Valkyrie
    This operation was a failed attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler. This was a plan created by Hitler himself to use if he were to lose correspondence with his government. The Reseve Army, a group against the Nazi campainge, wanted to use this plan to free Germany from Hitler's rule. The leader of this group, Major Claus von Stauffenberg, wanted a end to WWII, and planned that after Hitler was killed he would bring peace back to Germany.
    More info
    References
  • Discovery of Majdanek

    Discovery of Majdanek
    In the Soviets move through Europe towards Germany they discovered the remains of the first concentration camp ever discovered in WWII. When the Soviets got to the camp it was mostly destroyed since the Nazi's had set it on fire before leaving but the fire could not fully disguise what had occured at this camp.
    More info
    References
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Battle of the Bulge
    In an attempt to split up the Allied forces Hitler ordered his troops to storm through the Ardennes mountain range in a suprise attack. The Allies were caught off guard but under the command of George S. Patton they soon assumed a stable position. The Germans used the attack method of blitzkieg and met their objective of the battle, but suffered greatly from the weather conditions and the lack of supplies making them weaker than ever before.
    More info
    References
  • Hitler’s Suicide

    Hitler’s Suicide
    As the allied powers were moving closer to Germany Hitler made the decision to retire to fortified bunker underground. He stayed in this bunker underground for 100 days where he continued to give orders to his German army. Over the course of this confindment Hitler started to go insane. Then on this day Hitler and his wife of two days both swallowed cyanide pills and then Hitler continued and shot himself in the head.
    More info
    References
  • V-E Day

    V-E Day
    On this day the Allies had invaded and taken over the Rhineland pushing towards Germany from the west, while Russia was gaining land in the east. Germany was without a leader and soon they became overwhelmed. This day marks the surrender of Germany in WWII. It was a monumentous victory for the Allies and it soon became known as Victory in Europe Day.
    More info
    References
  • Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
    Looking to end the war the U.S. pleaded for Japan to surrender and discuss peaceful agreements to end the war, but Japan refused this offer. So as a result of this descision the U.S. dropped atomic bombs on the two Japanese cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki. These bombs killed thousands of Japan's people and destroyed much of their land. Japan agreed to surrender after these attacks.
    More info
    References
  • V-J Day

    V-J Day
    This was the day that Japan officailly dropped out ofthe war ending the second world war. Japan signed the Potsdam Declaration and this day later became known as Victory over Japan Day.
    More info
    References
  • The Nuremberg Trials

    The Nuremberg Trials
    These trials were held to convict Nazi criminals of war. Those who were prosecuted were charged in one or more of the three areas of defenses which were; crimes against peace, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. Those on trial were charged by a group of judges and were allowed representation. Many of those accused were sentenced to death or commited suicide.
    More info
    References
  • The Japanese War Crime Trials

    The Japanese War Crime Trials
    These trials were held to prosecute Japanese offcials who had participated in war crimes in WWII. Unlike the Nuremburg trials the Allied powers did not participate as greatly.Instead China and Austrailia decided the fate of those who were found guilty. These trials lasted for more than two years.
    More info
    References
  • The beginning of the Cold War

    The beginning of the Cold War
    The cold war started out of strong tensions berween the U.S.S.R and the U.S. The two countries had widely different thoughts on all kinds of topics after the second World War, and this soon led to more fear and hatred between the two countries.
    More info
    References