U.S History

Timeline created by Elena.A100
  • Homestead Act

    Homestead Act
  • • 13th Amendment

    •	13th Amendment
    The 13th Amendment to the Constitution declared that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction."
  • • 14th Amendment

    •	14th Amendment
    On July 28, 1868, the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified. The amendment grants citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" which included former slaves who had just been freed after the Civil War.
  • Transcontinental Railroad Completed

    On May 10, 1869, a golden spike was driven at Promontory, Utah, signaling the completion of the first transcontinental railroad in the United States. The transcontinental railroad had long been a dream for people living in the American West
  • Industrialization Begins to Boom

  • • 15th Amendment

    •	15th Amendment
    The Fifteenth Amendment (Amendment XV) to the United States Constitution prohibits the federal and state governments from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude".
  • Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall

    Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall
  • Telephone Invented

  • Reconstruction Ends

  • • Jim Crow Laws Start in South

    •	Jim Crow Laws Start in South
    Jim Crow law. Jim Crow law, in U.S. history, any of the laws that enforced racial segregation in the South between the end of Reconstruction in 1877 and the beginning of the civil rights movement in the 1950s
  • Light Bulb Invented

    Light Bulb Invented
  • Third Wave of Immigration

    The third wave, between 1880 and 1914, brought over 20 million European immigrants to the United States, an average of 650,000.Third-wave European immigration was slowed first by World War I and then by numerical quotas in the 1920s.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
  • Pendleton Act

  • Dawes Act

    The Dawes Act of 1887, adopted by Congress in 1887, authorized the President of the United States to survey American Indian tribal land and divide it into allotments for individual Indians
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Interstate Commerce Act
  • Andrew Carnegie’s Gospel of Wealth

    "Wealth", more commonly known as "The Gospel of Wealth", is an article written by Andrew Carnegie in June of 1889 that describes the responsibility of philanthropy by the new upper class of self-made rich.
  • Chicago's Hull House

    Chicago's Hull House
  • Klondike Gold Rush

    Klondike Gold Rush
    The Klondike Gold Rush was a migration by an estimated 100,000 prospectors to the Klondike region of the Yukon in north-western Canada between 1896 and 1899.
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    Sherman Anti-Trust Act
  • How the Other Half Lives

  • Influence of Sea Power Upon History

  • Homestead Steel Labor Strike

    The Homestead Strike, also known as the Homestead Steel Strike, Pinkerton Rebellion, or Homestead Massacre, was an industrial lockout and strike which began on June 30, 1892, culminating in a battle
  • Pullman Labor Strike

    The Pullman Strike of 1894 was a milestone in American labor history, as the widespread strike by railroad workers brought business to a standstill and brought the federal government to unprecedented action to end the strike.
  • • Plessy v. Ferguson

  • Annexation of Hawaii

    Dole declared Hawaii an independent republic. Spurred by the nationalism aroused by the Spanish-American War, the United States annexed Hawaii in 1898 at the urging of President William McKinley. Hawaii was made a territory in 1900, and Dole became its first governor.
  • Spanish American War

    Spanish American War
    The Spanish–American War was fought between the United States and Spain in 1898. Hostilities began in the aftermath of the internal explosion of the USS Maine in Havana Harbor in Cuba leading to United
  • Open Door Policy

    Open Door Policy
  • Assassination of President McKinley

    On September 6, 1901, William McKinley, the 25th President of the United States, was shot on the grounds of the Pan-American Exposition at the Temple of Music in Buffalo, New York. He was shaking hands with the public when Leon Czolgosz, an anarchist, shot him twice in the abdomen.
  • • Wright Brother’s Airplane

    •	Wright Brother’s Airplane
    On December 17, 1903, Wilbur and Orville Wright made four brief flights at Kitty Hawk with their first powered aircraft. The Wright brothers had invented the first successful airplane. The Wrights used this stopwatch to time the Kitty Hawk flights
  • Panama Canal U.S. Construction Begins

    Panama Canal U.S. Construction Begins
  • The Jungle

    The Jungle
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

  • Model-T

  • NAACP

  • 16th Amendment

    The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.
  • Federal Reserve Act

    is an Act of Congress that created and established the Federal Reserve System, the central banking system of the United States
  • 17th Amendment

    The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote.
  • Trench Warfare, Poison Gas, and Machine Guns

  • • Assissination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

    •	Assissination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
    The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, occurred on 28 June 1914 in Sarajevo when they were mortally wounded by Gavrilo Princip.
  • Sinking of the Lusitania

  • National Parks System

    National Parks System
  • • Zimmerman Telegram

    •	Zimmerman Telegram
    The Zimmermann Telegram (or Zimmermann Note or Zimmerman Cable) was a secret diplomatic communication issued from the German Foreign Office in January 1917 that proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico in the prior event of the United States entering World War I against Germany.
  • • Russian Revolution

    •	Russian Revolution
    The Russian Revolution was a pair of revolutions in Russia in 1917 which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the rise of the Soviet Union.
  • • U.S. entry into WWI

    •	U.S. entry into WWI
    U.S. Entry into World War I, 1917. On April 2, 1917, President Woodrow Wilson went before a joint session of Congress to request a declaration of war against Germany. ... The United States later declared war on German ally Austria-Hungary on December 7, 1917.
  • • Battle of Argonne Forest

    •	Battle of Argonne Forest
    The Meuse-Argonne Offensive, also known as the Maas-Argonne Offensive and the Battle of the Argonne Forest, was a major part of the final Allied offensive of World War I that stretched along the entire Western Front. It was fought from 26 September 1918 until the Armistice of 11 November 1918, a total of 47 days.
  • • Armistice

  • • Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points

  • • Treaty of Versailles

  • 18th Amendment

    18th Amendment
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
  • President Harding’s Return to Normalcy

  • Harlem Renaissance

  • Red Scare

    Red Scare
    A "Red Scare" is promotion of widespread fear by a society or state about a potential rise of communism, anarchism, or radical leftism. The term is most often used to refer to two periods in the history of the United States with this name.
  • Teapot Dome Scandal

  • Joseph Stalin Leads USSR

    Joseph Stalin Leads USSR
    Joseph Stalin (1878-1953) was the dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from 1929 to 1953. Under Stalin, the Soviet Union was transformed from a peasant society into an industrial and military superpower. However, he ruled by terror, and millions of his own citizens died during his brutal reign.
  • Scopes “Monkey” Trial

    Scopes “Monkey” Trial
    The Scopes Trial, formally known as The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes and commonly referred to as the Scopes Monkey Trial, was an American legal case in July 1925 in which a substitute high .
  • Mein Kampf published

  • Charles Lindbergh’s Trans-Atlantic Flight

    Charles Lindbergh’s Trans-Atlantic Flight
    5:22pm - The Spirit of St. Louis touches down at the Le Bourget Aerodrome, Paris, France. Local time: 10:22pm. Total flight time: 33 hours, 30 minutes, 29.8 seconds. Charles Lindbergh had not slept in 55 hours
  • St. Valentine’s Day Massacre

  • Stock Market Crashes “Black Tuesday"

    Stock Market Crashes “Black Tuesday"
    The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as Black Tuesday (October 29), the Great Crash, or the Stock Market Crash of 1929, began on October 24, 1929 ("Black Thursday"), and was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States (acting as the most significant predicting indicator of the Great ...
  • • Hoovervilles

    •	Hoovervilles
    a shantytown built by unemployed and destitute people during the Depression of the early 1930s.
  • • Smoot-Hawley Tariff

    •	Smoot-Hawley Tariff
    otherwise known as the Smoot–Hawley Tariff or Hawley–Smoot Tariff, was an act implementing protectionist trade policies sponsored by Senator Reed Smoot and Representative Willis C. Hawley and signed into law on June 17, 1930. The act raised U.S. tariffs on over 20,000 imported goods.
  • • 100, 000 Banks Have Failed

  • Hitler appointed Chancellor of Germany

  • • Agriculture Adjustment Administration (AAA)

  • • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)

    •	Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
    The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation is a United States government corporation providing deposit insurance to depositors in US banks.
  • • Public Works Administration (PWA)

    •	Public Works Administration (PWA)
    Public Works Administration, part of the New Deal of 1933 was a large-scale public works construction agency in the United States headed by Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes.
  • • Dust Bowl

    •	Dust Bowl
    The Dust Bowl, also known as the Dirty Thirties, was a period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the American and Canadian prairies during the 1930s; severe drought ...
  • • Social Security Administration (SSA

    •	Social Security Administration (SSA
    The United States Social Security Administration is an independent agency of the U.S. federal government that administers Social Security, a social insurance program consisting of retirement, disability, and survivors' benefits
  • Rape of Nanjing

    Rape of Nanjing
    The Nanking Massacre was an episode of mass murder and mass rape committed by Japanese troops against the residents of Nanjing, then the capital of the Republic of China, during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
  • Kristallnacht

    Kristallnacht
    Also known as The Night of the Broken Glass. On this night, November 9, 1938, almost 200 synagogues were destroyed, over 8,000 Jewish shops were sacked and looted, and tens of thousands of Jews were removed to concentration camps.
  • Hitler invades Poland

    Hitler invades Poland
    Nazi leader Adolf Hitler claimed the massive invasion was a defensive action, but Britain and France were not convinced. On September 3, they declared war on Germany, initiating World War II. To Hitler, the conquest of Poland would bring Lebensraum, or “living space,” for the German people.
  • German Blitzkrieg attacks

    German Blitzkrieg attacks
    Germany quickly overran much of Europe and was victorious for more than two years by relying on a new military tactic called the "Blitzkrieg" (lightning war). Blitzkrieg tactics required the concentration of offensive weapons (such as tanks, planes, and artillery) along a narrow front.
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    President Franklin Roosevelt called December 7, 1941, "a date which will live in infamy." On that day, Japanese planes attacked the United States Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory. The bombing killed more than 2,300 Americans. It completely destroyed the American battleship U.S.S. U.S went into war.
  • Tuskegee Airmen

  • • Navajo Code Talkers

    •	Navajo Code Talkers
    The name code talkers is strongly associated with bilingual Navajo speakers specially recruited during World War II by the Marines to serve in their standard communications units in the Pacific Theater. Code talking, however, was pioneered by the Cherokee and Choctaw peoples during World War I
  • • Executive Order 9066

    •	Executive Order 9066
    Executive Order 9066 was a United States presidential executive order signed and issued during World War II by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 19, 1942.
  • • Bataan Death March

  • • Invasion of Normandy (D-Day)

  • GI Bill

    GI Bill
    The Serviceman's Readjustment Act of 1944, also known as the G.I. Bill, was a law that provided a range of benefits for returning World War II veterans.
  • • Atomic bombing of Nagasaki and Hiroshima

    •	Atomic bombing of Nagasaki and Hiroshima
    During the final stage of World War II, the United States dropped nuclear weapons on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively.
  • • Victory over Japan/Pacific (VJ/VP) Day (

    •	Victory over Japan/Pacific (VJ/VP) Day (
    Victory over Japan Day (also known as V-J Day, Victory in the Pacific Day, or V-P Day) is the day on which Imperial Japan surrendered in World War II, in effect ending the war. ... On September 2, 1945, a formal surrender ceremony was performed in Tokyo Bay, Japan, aboard the battleship USS Missouri.
  • • Liberation of Concentration Camps

  • • Victory in Europe (VE) Day

  • United Nations (UN) Formed

    United Nations (UN) Formed
    Roosevelt also sought to convince the public that an international organization was the best means to prevent future wars. The Senate approved the UN Charter on July 28, 1945, by a vote of 89 to 2. The United Nations came into existence on October 24, 1945, after 29 nations had ratified the Charter.
  • Germany Divided

  • • Nuremberg Trials

    •	Nuremberg Trials
    Nuremberg, Germany, was chosen as a site for trials that took place in 1945 and 1946. Judges from the Allied powers—Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States—presided over the hearings of twenty-two major Nazi criminals. Twelve prominent Nazis were sentenced to death.
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    The Truman Doctrine was an American foreign policy whose stated purpose was to counter Soviet geopolitical expansion during the Cold War.
  • • Mao Zedong Established Communist Rule in China

  • • 22nd Amendment

    •	22nd Amendment
    After FDR died in 1945, many Americans began to recognize that having a president serve more than eight years was bad for the country. This led to the 22nd amendment, which was passed by Congress in 1947 and ratified by the states by 1951.
  • Marshall Plan

  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    The Berlin Blockade was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War. During the multinational occupation of post–World War II Germany, the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies'
  • • Arab-Israeli War Begins

    •	Arab-Israeli War Begins
    The Arab-Israeli War of 1948. The Arab-Israeli War of 1948 broke out when five Arab nations invaded territory in the former Palestinian mandate immediately following the announcement of the independence of the state of Israel on May 14, 1948
  • NATO Formed

    NATO Formed
    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between several North American and European countries based on the North Atlantic Treaty that was signed on 4 April 1949
  • Kim Il-sung invades South Korea

    Kim Il-sung invades South Korea
    By October, UN forces had retaken Seoul and invaded the North to reunify the country under the South. On 19 October, US and South Korean troops captured P'yŏngyang, forcing Kim and his government to flee north, first to Sinuiju and eventually into Kanggye.
  • UN forces push North Korea to Yalu River- the border with China

  • Chinese forces cross Yalu and enter Korean War

  • Ethel and Julius Rosenberg Execution

    Ethel and Julius Rosenberg Execution
    Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, a married couple convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage in 1951, are put to death in the electric chair. The execution marked the dramatic finale of the most controversial espionage case of the Cold War.
  • Armistice Signed

  • • Hernandez v. Texas

    •	Hernandez v. Texas
    From a legal perspective, Mendez v. Westminster was the first case to hold that school segregation itself is unconstitutional and violates the 14th Amendmen
  • • Brown v. Board of Education

    •	Brown v. Board of Education
    The decision helped to inspire the civil rights movement of the late 1950s and 1960s. In a landmark decision, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional. The case was decided on May 17, 1954.
  • • Ho Chi Minh Established Communist Rule in Vietnam

  • Warsaw Pact Formed

    Warsaw Pact Formed
    The Warsaw Pact, formally the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, was a collective defence treaty signed in Warsaw, Poland among the Soviet Union and seven Soviet satellite states
  • • Polio Vaccine

    •	Polio Vaccine
    The first polio vaccine was the inactivated polio vaccine. It was developed by Jonas Salk and came into use in 1955. The oral polio vaccine was developed by Albert Sabin and came into commercial use in 1961.
  • • Rosa Parks Arrested

    •	Rosa Parks Arrested
    On 1 December 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white passenger on a city bus in Montgomery, Alabama. This single act of nonviolent resistance sparked the Montgomery bus boycott, an eleven-month struggle to desegregate the city's buses.
  • • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    •	Montgomery Bus Boycott
    Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955-1956) Sparked by the arrest of Rosa Parks on 1 December 1955, the Montgomery bus boycott was a 13-month mass protest that ended with the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on public buses is unconstitutional.
  • • Interstate Highway Act

  • • Elvis Presley First Hit Song

    •	Elvis Presley First Hit Song
    Elvis Aaron Presley, in the humblest of circumstances, was born to Vernon and Gladys Presley in a two-room house in Tupelo, Mississippi on January 8, 1935. His twin brother, Jessie Garon, was stillborn, leaving Elvis to grow up as an only child.
  • Sputnik I

    Sputnik I
    Sputnik 1 was the first artificial Earth satellite. The Soviet Union launched it into an elliptical low Earth orbit on 4 October 1957. It was a 58 cm diameter polished metal sphere, with four external radio antennas to broadcast radio pulses
  • • Leave it to Beaver First Airs on TV

    •	Leave it to Beaver First Airs on TV
    October 4, 1957 Leave it to Beaver First Airs on TV.This sitcom defines the "golly gee" wholesomeness of 1950s and `60s TV, where dad Ward Cleaver always gets home in time for dinner, mom June cleans the house wearing a dress and pearls, and kids Wally and the Beav always learn a lesson by the end of the episode
  • • Civil Rights Act of 1957

  • • Little Rock Nine

    •	Little Rock Nine
    The Little Rock Nine was a group of nine African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957. Their enrollment was followed by the Little Rock Crisis, in which the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Orval Faubus, the Governor of Arkansas.
  • • Kennedy versus Nixon TV Debate

  • • Chicano Mural Movement Begins

    •	Chicano Mural Movement Begins
    he Chicano mural movement began in the 1960s in Mexican-American barrios throughout the Southwest. Artists began using the walls of city buildings, housing projects, schools, and churches to depict Mexican-American culture.
  • • Bay of Pigs Invasion

    •	Bay of Pigs Invasion
    The Bay of Pigs Invasion was a failed military invasion of Cuba undertaken by the Central Intelligence Agency-sponsored paramilitary group Brigade 2506 on 17 April 1961
  • • Peace Corps Formed

    •	Peace Corps Formed
    The Peace Corps is a volunteer program run by the United States government. The stated mission of the Peace Corps includes providing technical assistance, helping people outside the United States to understand American culture, and helping Americans to understand the cultures of other countries.
  • • Mapp v. Ohio

    •	Mapp v. Ohio
    Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U.S. 643 (1961), was a landmark case in criminal procedure, in which the United States Supreme Court decided that evidence obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment, which protects against "unreasonable searches and seizures,
  • • Affirmative Action

  • • Cuban Missile Crisis

    •	Cuban Missile Crisis
    The Cuban Missile Crisis, also known as the October Crisis, the Caribbean Crisis, or the Missile Scare, was a 13-day confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union concerning American. They had to blockade it.
  • • Sam Walton Opens First Walmart

  • • Kennedy Assassinated in Dallas, Texas

    •	Kennedy Assassinated in Dallas, Texas
    John Fitzgerald Kennedy, commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 22, 1963
  • • Gideon v. Wainwright

  • • George Wallace Blocks University of Alabama Entrance (

  • • The Feminine Mystique

    •	The Feminine Mystique
    0-393-32257-2.
    The Feminine Mystique is a book written by Betty Friedan which is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States. It was published on February 19, 1963 by W. W. Norton.
  • • March on Washington

    •	March on Washington
    This program listed the events scheduled at the Lincoln Memorial during the August 28, 1963, March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. The highlight of the march, which attracted 250,000 people, was Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech.
  • • The Great Society

    •	The Great Society
    The Great Society was a set of domestic programs in the United States launched by Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964–65. The main goal was the elimination of poverty and racial injustice
  • • Escobedo v. Illinois

    •	Escobedo v. Illinois
    The Escobedo v. Illinois case was decided on June 22nd, 1964. The Supreme Court, in Escobedo v. Illinois, ruled in favor of Danny Escobedo. ... The verdict explained that the police department targeted Escobedo like he was the murderer and not as a suspect or a witness to the incident
  • • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    •	Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
    The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution or the Southeast Asia Resolution, Pub.L. 88–408, 78 Stat. 384, enacted August 10, 1964, was a joint resolution that the United States Congress passed on August 7, 1964, in response to the Gulf of Tonkin incident.
  • • Civil Rights Act of 1964

  • • 24th Amendment

    •	24th Amendment
    The Twenty-fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax
  • • Israeli-Palestine Conflict Begins

  • • Voting Rights Act of 1965

  • • Malcom X Assassinated

    •	Malcom X Assassinated
    Malcolm X was an African-American Muslim minister and human rights activist. To his admirers he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms
  • • United Farm Worker’s California Delano Grape Strike

    •	United Farm Worker’s California Delano Grape Strike
    The Delano grape strike was a labor strike by the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee and the United Farm Workers against grape growers in California. The strike began on September 8, 1965, and lasted more than five years. ... The strike rapidly spread to over more than 2,000 workers.
  • • Miranda v. Arizona

    •	Miranda v. Arizona
    Miranda v. Arizona was a Supreme Court case that overturned Ernesto Miranda's conviction for kidnapping and rape because he had not been informed of his legal rights prior to confessing. For example, Miranda did not know that he could ask for an attorney or remain silent during questioning
  • • Thurgood Marshall Appointed to Supreme Court (

  • Six Day War

  • • Tet Offensive

    •	Tet Offensive
    n late January, 1968, during the lunar new year (or “Tet”) holiday, North Vietnamese and communist Viet Cong forces launched a coordinated attack against a number of targets in South Vietnam. ... The Tet Offensive played an important role in weakening U.S. public support for the war in Vietnam
  • • My Lai Massacre

    •	My Lai Massacre
    The My Lai Massacre stemmed from previous events in the Vietnam War. ... Lieutenant William Calley led the Americal Division into My Lai on March 16 and ordered his men to eliminate all suspected members of the NLF.
  • • Martin Luther King Jr. Assassinated

    •	Martin Luther King Jr. Assassinated
    Martin Luther King Jr. is shot to death at a hotel in Memphis, Tennessee. A single shot fired by James Earl Ray from over 200 feet away at a nearby motel struck King in the neck. He died an hour later at St. Joseph's Hospital
  • • Tinker v. Des Moines

    •	Tinker v. Des Moines
    John and Mary Beth Tinker of Des Moines, Iowa, wore black armbands to their public school as a symbol of protest against American involvement in the Vietnam War. When school authorities asked that the Tinkers remove their armbands, they refused and were subsequently suspended.
  • • Vietnamization

  • • Woodstock Music Festival

  • • Draft Lottery

  • • Manson Family Murders

    •	Manson Family Murders
    The Manson Family was a commune established in California in the late 1960s, led by Charles Manson. They gained national notoriety after the murder of actress Sharon Tate and four others on August 9, 1969 by Tex Watson and three other members of the Family, acting under the instructions of Charles Manson.
  • • Apollo 11

    •	Apollo 11
    Lunar Landing Mission. Apollo 11 was the first manned mission to land on the Moon. The first steps by humans on another planetary body were taken by Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin on July 20, 1969. The astronauts also returned to Earth the first samples from another planetary body
  • • Invasion of Cambodia

  • • Kent State Shootings

    •	Kent State Shootings
    In May 1970, students protesting the bombing of Cambodia by United States military forces, clashed with Ohio National Guardsmen on the Kent State University campus. When the Guardsmen shot and killed four students on May 4, the Kent State Shootings became the focal point of a nation deeply divided by the Vietnam War.
  • • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

    •	Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
    The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA or sometimes U.S. EPA) is an agency of the federal government of the United States which was created for the purpose of protecting human health and the environment by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress.
  • • Pentagon Papers

    •	Pentagon Papers
    The Pentagon Papers, officially titled United States – Vietnam Relations, 1945–1967: A Study Prepared by the Department of Defense, is a United States Department of Defense history of the United States' political-military involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967.
  • • 26th Amendment

    •	26th Amendment
    The 26th Amendment: “Old Enough to Fight, Old Enough to Vote” During World War II, President Franklin D. Roosevelt lowered the minimum age for the military draft age to 18, at a time when the minimum voting age (as determined by the individual states) had historically been 21.
  • • Policy of Détente Begins

    •	Policy of Détente Begins
    Détente (a French word meaning release from tension) is the name given to a period of improved relations between the United States and the Soviet Union that began tentatively in 1971 and took decisive form when President Richard M. Nixon visited the secretary-general of the Soviet Communist party, Leonid I. Brezhnev
  • • Title IX

  • • Nixon Visits China

    •	Nixon Visits China
    On February 21, 1972, President Richard M. Nixon arrived in China for an official trip. He was the first U.S. president to visit the People's Republic of China since it was established in 1949. This was an important event because the U.S. was seeking to improve relations with a Communist country during the Cold War.
  • • Watergate Scandal

    •	Watergate Scandal
    The Watergate scandal happened when United States President Richard Nixon, a Republican, was tied to a crime in which former FBI and CIA agents broke into the offices of the Democratic Party and George McGovern (the Presidential candidate). Nixon's helpers listened to phone lines and secret papers were stolen
  • • War Powers Resolution

  • • Roe v. Wade

    •	Roe v. Wade
    Image result for Roe v. Wadewww.cnn.com
    Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973), is a landmark decision issued in 1973 by the United States Supreme Court on the issue of the constitutionality of laws that criminalized or restricted access to abortions
  • • Engaged Species Act

  • • OPEC Oil Embargo

  • • First Cell-Phones

    •	First Cell-Phones
    Motorola was the first company to produce a handheld mobile phone. On April 3, 1973, Martin Cooper, a Motorola researcher and executive, made the first mobile telephone call from handheld subscriber equipment, placing a call to Dr. Joel S. Engel of Bell Labs, his rival.
  • • United States v. Nixon

    •	United States v. Nixon
    United States v. Nixon, 418 U.S. 683 (1974), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case which resulted in a unanimous decision against President Richard Nixon, ordering him to deliver tape recordings and other subpoenaed materials to a federal district court.
  • • Ford Pardons Nixon

  • • Fall of Saigon

    •	Fall of Saigon
    On April 30, 1975, Communist North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces captured the South Vietnamese capital of Saigon, forcing South Vietnam to surrender and bringing about an end to the Vietnam War
  • • Bill Gates Starts Microsoft

    •	Bill Gates Starts Microsoft
    Microsoft was founded by Paul Allen and Bill Gates on April 4, 1975, to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800. It rose to dominate the personal computer operating system market with MS-DOS in the mid-1980s, followed by Microsoft Windows.
  • • National Rifle Associate (NRA) Lobbying Begins

    •	National Rifle Associate (NRA) Lobbying Begins
    The National Rifle Association of America (NRA) is an American nonprofit organization that advocates for gun rights. Founded in 1871, the group has informed its members about firearm-related bills since 1934, and it has directly lobbied for and against legislation since 1975.
  • • Steve Jobs Starts Apple

    •	Steve Jobs Starts Apple
    In 1976, when Jobs was just 21, he and Steve Wozniak started Apple Computer in the Jobs' family garage
  • • Community Reinvestment Act of 1977

  • • Camp David Accords

    •	Camp David Accords
    Camp David Accords and the Arab-Israeli Peace Process. The Camp David Accords, signed by President Jimmy Carter, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin in September 1978, established a framework for a historic peace treaty concluded between Israel and Egypt in March 1979.
  • • Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty

    •	Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty
    The Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty was signed in a ceremony at the White House on March 26, 1979, and the three leaders—Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, U.S. President Jimmy Carter, and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin—joined hands and shared big smiles.
  • • Conservative Resurgence

  • • “Trickle Down Economics”

    •	“Trickle Down Economics”
    Trickle-down economics, also referred to as trickle-down theory, is an economic theory that advocates reducing taxes on businesses and the wealthy in society as a means to stimulate business investment in the short term and benefit society at large in the long term.
  • • War on Drugs

  • • AIDS Epidemic

  • • Sandra Day O’Connor Appointed to U.S. Supreme Court

    •	Sandra Day O’Connor Appointed to U.S. Supreme Court
    Sandra Day O'Connor (born March 26, 1930) is a retired Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, serving from her appointment in 1981 by Ronald Reagan to 2006. She was the first woman to serve on the Court.
  • • Marines in Lebanon

  • • Iran-Contra Affair

    •	Iran-Contra Affair
    The Iran–Contra affair, also referred to as Irangate, Contragate or the Iran–Contra scandal, was a political scandal in the United States that occurred during the second term of the Reagan Administration.
  • • The Oprah Winfrey Show First Airs

  • • “Mr. Gorbachev, Tear Down This Wall!”

    •	“Mr. Gorbachev, Tear Down This Wall!”
    The "tear down this wall" speech was not the first time Reagan had addressed the issue of the Berlin Wall
  • • End of Cold War

    •	End of Cold War
    The end of the Cold War. When Mikhail Gorbachev assumed the reins of power in the Soviet Union in 1985, no one predicted the revolution he would bring. A dedicated reformer, Gorbachev introduced the policies of glasnost and perestroika to the USSR.
  • • Berlin Wall Falls

    •	Berlin Wall Falls
    The Berlin Wall: The Fall of the Wall. On November 9, 1989, as the Cold War began to thaw across Eastern Europe, the spokesman for East Berlin's Communist Party announced a change in his city's relations with the West. Starting at midnight that day, he said, citizens of the GDR were free to cross the country's borders.
  • • Germany Reunification

  • • Iraq Invades Kuwait

    •	Iraq Invades Kuwait
    In early 1990 Iraq was accusing Kuwait of stealing Iraqi petroleum through slant drilling, although some Iraqi sources indicated Saddam Hussein's decision to attack Kuwait was made a few months before the actual invasion.
  • • Soviet Union Collapses

    •	Soviet Union Collapses
    On December 25, 1991, the Soviet hammer and sickle flag lowered for the last time over the Kremlin, thereafter replaced by the Russian tricolor. Earlier in the day, Mikhail Gorbachev resigned his post as president of the Soviet Union, leaving Boris Yeltsin as president of the newly independent Russian state.
  • • Operation Desert Storm

  • • Ms. Adcox Born

    •	Ms. Adcox Born
  • • Rodney King

  • • NAFTA Founded

    •	NAFTA Founded
    The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States and entered into force on 1 January 1994 in order to establish a trilateral trade bloc in North America.
  • • Contract with America

  • • O.J. Simpson’s “Trial of the Century”

    •	O.J. Simpson’s “Trial of the Century”
    The Heisman Trophy winner fell from grace when he was charged with the 1994 murders of his then-ex-wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend Ronald Goldman. The "Trial of the Century" was televised and captured the eyes of the nation, lasting seven months. Simpson was ultimately acquitted of all charges in 1995.
  • • Bill Clinton’s Impeachment

    •	Bill Clinton’s Impeachment
    The impeachment process of Bill Clinton was initiated by the House of Representatives on December 19, 1998, against Bill Clinton, the 42nd President of the United States, on two charges, one of perjury and one of obstruction of justic
  • • USA Patriot Act

    •	USA Patriot Act
    The USA PATRIOT Act is an Act of Congress that was signed into law by President George W. Bush on October 26, 2001. With its ten-letter abbreviation (USA PATRIOT) expanded, the full title is “Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001”.
  • • War on Terror

  • • 9/11

    •	9/11
    The September 11 attacks were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda on the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001
  • My Birthday <3

    My Birthday <3
    ITS A GIRL!!
  • • NASA Mars Rover Mission Begins

    •	NASA Mars Rover Mission Begins
    n just a few years, NASA's next Mars rover mission will be flying to the Red Planet At a glance, it looks a lot like its predecessor, the Curiosity Mars rover. But there's no doubt it's a souped-up science machine: It has seven new instruments, redesigned wheels and more autonomy. A drill will capture rock cores, while a caching system with a miniature robotic arm will seal up these samples
  • • Facebook Launched

  • • Hurricane Katrina

    •	Hurricane Katrina
    Early in the morning on August 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina struck the Gulf Coast of the United States. When the storm made landfall, it had a Category 3 rating on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale–it brought sustained winds of 100–140 miles per hour–and stretched some 400 miles across.
  • • Saddam Hussein Executed

  • • Iphone Released

    •	Iphone Released
    On January 9, 2007, Steve Jobs announced iPhone at the Macworld convention, receiving substantial media attention. Jobs announced that the first iPhone would be released later that year. On June 29, 2007, the first iPhone was released.
  • • American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

  • • Hilary Clinton Appointed U.S. Secretary of State

    •	Hilary Clinton Appointed U.S. Secretary of State
    Hillary Clinton served as the 67th United States Secretary of State, under President Barack Obama, from 2009 to 2013, overseeing the department that conducted the Foreign policy of Barack Obama. She was preceded in office by Condoleezza Rice, and succeeded by John Kerry
  • • Sonia Sotomayor Appointed to U.S. Supreme Court

  • • Arab Spring

  • • Osama Bin Laden Killed

    •	Osama Bin Laden Killed
    Osama bin Laden, the founder and first leader of the Islamist group Al-Qaeda, was killed in Pakistan on May 2, 2011 shortly after 1:00 am PKT by United States Navy SEALs of the U.S. Naval Special Warfare Development Group
  • • Space X Falcon 9

    •	Space X Falcon 9
    Falcon 9 is a family of two-stage-to-orbit medium lift launch vehicles, named for its use of nine Merlin first-stage engines, designed and manufactured by SpaceX. Variants include the inital v1.0, v1.1, and current "Full Thrust" v1.2
  • • Donald Trump Elected President

    •	Donald Trump Elected President
    Donald Trump. Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is the 45th and current President of the United States, in office since January 20, 2017. Before entering politics, he was a businessman and television personality.
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    The main objectives of the Progressive movement were eliminating problems caused by industrialization, urbanization, immigration, and corruption in government.
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    William Howard Taft Republican Party Domestic Policies : Tried the 3'Cs :( 16th /17th amendment
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    Woodrow Wilson Democratic Party Domestic Policies: Clayton Anti- Trust Act, National Park Service, Federal Reserve Act 18th amendment 19 amendment
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    George H. W. Bush

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    Bill Clinton

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    George W. Bush

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    Barack Obama

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    Theodore Roosevelt

    Theodore Roosevelt Jr. Republican Party +
    Progressive "Bull Moose" Party Domestic Policies : Square Deal (3's) Trust Buster Nature Conversation