End of the Western Roman Empire.Fall of Rome ,end of the Western Roman Empire, and mass migration.
Franks defeatedThe king of the Franks , Clovis,defeated the Visigoths Vouillé.
Charles Martel defeated the MuslimsThe mayor of the palace, Charles Martel (Pippin the Younger´s father), defeated the Muslims at Poitier and stopped their expansion in Europe.
Pippil became KingPippil the Younger became King of the Franks
CharlemangeCharlemagne was crowned emperor.
Louis`sons divided at the empireLouis`sons divided at the empire in the Treaty of Verdun .
Otto IOtto I established the Holy Roman Empire.
Fall of Constantinople.
THE EARLY MIDDLE AGESGermanic kingdoms and high point of the Byzantine Empire.
Birth and spread of Islam
ORTHODOX CALIPHSThe first caliphs were members of Muhammad`s family .
They controlled the Arabian Peninsula .
They defeated the Byzantine Empire .
They subdued the Neo-Persian Empire .
UMAYYAD CALIPHATEAfter a civil word, the position of caliph passed to the Umayyad dynasty, who goberned from they capital in Damascus.
ABBASID CALIPHATEThe position of caliph passed to the Abbasid dynasty , who moved capital to Baghdad .The 8th to the 10th century was the golden age of the caliphate .
From the 10th century onwards , frequent civil war limited economic development . Eventually , the empire was divided into several independent caliphates such as of the Umayyads , who
o governed al‑Andalus and that of Fatimids in Egypt. Meanwhile , the Turks became more influential .
THE HIGH MIDDLE AGESFeudal system.
LATE MIDDLE AGESDevelopment of trade.