Textile Inventions in the Industrial Revolution

Timeline created by tomhobbs0615
In History
  • Flying Shuttle

    Flying Shuttle
    John Kay
    Improved the process of handweaving looms because they were very ineffecient and slow. This machine was very fast and could produce wider lengths of cloth.
  • Roller Spinning Machine

    Lewis Paul and John Wyatt
    Spun slivers of wool to the right length and thickness before spinning onto a loom. This was the gateway to the first cotton mills.
  • Cylinder Printing

    Cylinder Printing
    Joseph Bell
    The cylinder printing machine began to print images and patterns onto cloth using colored dyes in troughs below the linens. People in the lower-middle classes could now wear a bit more "fancy" clothing than just the upper class and the fashion industry was changed.
  • Dash Wheels

    Dash Wheels
    The Dash Wheels were essentially the first washing machines. They removed any impurities in the spun cloth. However in the 1820's other washing machines were developed in replacement.
  • Spinning Jenny

    Spinning Jenny
    James Hargreaves
    The Spinning Jenny was a human powered machine that allowed one to spin one wheel and spin 8 looms.The only problem with the Jenny was that the cloth was weak and thick so it wasn't ideal for anything else except cheap clothing. However, there were over 20,000 spinning jenny's in Britain by 1780.
  • Rotary Steam Engine

    Rotary Steam Engine
    James Watt
    Alothough a power and energy advacement, the steam engine made textile factories and machines more effiecint and much easier to use and operate.
  • Spinning Mule

    Spinning Mule
    Samuel Crompton
    Crompton invented the spinning mule as a hybrid of the Jenny and the Water Frame. The linens produced in the Mule waer strong, thin but also soft, outbeating Hargreaves' and Arkwright's machines.
  • Carding Machine

    Carding Machine
    Richard Arkwright/Lewis Paul
    Lewis Paul began designs for a Carding Machine in 1748 but it wasn't until that Arkwright took over the project in 1775 that the machine was patented and produced. The carding machine was to untangle loose and knotted fibres from the mass of cotton or wool before spinning.
  • Flax Spinner

    Flax Spinner
    Thomas Penthouse/John Kendrew
    A faster way of producing flax looms by rolling them ot with drums. However, there were many problems at first with the machines and they broke during the spinning process because the cotton would be too lumpy.
  • Willowing Machines

    Willowing Machines
    ? Snodgrass
    A man working in scotland by the name of Snodgrass invented the willowing machines. These machines removed dirt or impurities from the cotton before it was spun and loomed. naturally, washing usually wasn't required afterwards.
  • Power Loom

    Power Loom
    Edmund Cartwright/ William Horrocks
    Power Looms were created to wipe out the use of hand powered looms and instead use steam engines to spin yarn. Watt's steam engine was the energy source for the power loom and it was the most produced textile machine in the 18th century with over 250,000 produced in under 50 years. William Horrocks this mass produced item inspired by Cartwright's original machine which didn't work well.
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    Textile Industry Inventions in the Industrial Revolution