Renassaince/Reformation/Scientific Revolution Timeline Project

Timeline created by kaitlynncornish
  • 1,400 BCE

    Helioicentric Theory

    Helioicentric Theory
    The heliocentric theory was first proposed by the Greek astronomer and mathematician Aristarchus of Samos, in the 3rd century. The first predictive heliocentric mathematical model of the motion of the planets was developed by Nicholas Copernicus.
  • 1400

    Humanism

    Humanism
    Humanism is the study of classical antiquity, at first in Italy, and then spreading across Western Europe in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries. The terms Renaissance (rebirth) for this movement, and "humanist" (whence modern humanism; also Renaissance humanism to distinguish it from later developments grouped as humanism) are contemporary to that period.
  • 1400

    Perspective

    Perspective
    During the Renaissance, from roughly the 14th to 16th century, there were many advances in science, math, philosophy, and art. One of the most monumental advances in art was the development of linear perspective. Linear perspective uses principles of math to realistically portray space and depth in art.
  • 1400

    Printing Revolution

    Printing Revolution
    Gutenberg and the Printing Revolution in Europe. Johann Gutenberg’s invention of movable-type printing quickened the spread of knowledge, discoveries, and literacy in Renaissance Europe. The printing revolution also contributed mightily to the Protestant Reformation that split apart the Catholic Church.
  • 1400

    Sale Of Indulgences

    Sale Of Indulgences
    In the teaching of the Roman Catholic Church, an indulgence is "a way to reduce the amount of punishment one has to undergo for sins". It may reduce the temporal punishment after death, in the state or process of purification called Purgatory.
  • 1400

    Scientific Method

    Scientific Method
    The scientific method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge. To be termed scientific, a method of inquiry is commonly based on empirical or measurable evidence subject to specific principles of reasoning. This technique is still used today in various places.
  • Jan 1, 1449

    Lorenzo de' Medici

    Lorenzo de' Medici
    Lorenzo de' Medici was an Italian statesman of the Florentine Republic andwas the most powerful and enthusiastic patron of the Renaissance. Also known as Lorenzo the Magnificent by contemporary Florentines, he was a magnate, diplomat, politician and patron of scholars, artists and poets. He is famous for adding to the art world. His whole life focused on the Italian Renaissance, his death ended at the Golden Age of Florence. He is buried in the Medici Chapel in Florence.
  • Apr 15, 1452

    Leonardo da Vinci

    Leonardo da Vinci
    Leonardo was part of the Italian Renaissance and was interested in invention, painting, sculpting, anatomy, anatomy, science, mathematics, witting, and history. He's been called the father of paleontology and architecture. He's widely known for his amazing paintings and is named the greatest painter of all time. Sometimes he takes credit for the tank, parachute, and helicopter.
  • Oct 27, 1469

    Erasmus

    Erasmus
    Desiderius Erasmus was born in Rotterdam, Holland and is now in the Netherlands. He died July 12, 1536 in Basel, Switzerland. He was a humanist and was the greatest scholar of the northern Renaissance. He was the first editor of the New Testament, and also an important figure in classical literature. He was Dutch as well.
  • Mar 6, 1475

    Michelangelo

    Michelangelo
    Michelangelo was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect, and poet of the Renaissance. He was born in the Republic of Florence. He was considered to be one the greatest living artist during his lifetime. He was almost competing with his rival Leonardo da Vinci.
  • Feb 7, 1478

    Thomas More

    Thomas More
    More was an English lawyer, social philosopher, author, and statesman. He was also a councilor to Henry the eighth. He wrote "Utopia", published in 1516, about the political system of an imaginary, "Perfect and ideal" nation. He is pretty similar to Erasmus. He was well known in all of England for being called Sir Thomas More.
  • Apr 6, 1483

    Raphael

    Raphael
    Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino is Raphael's actual full name. He was an Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance. His work is admired for its clarity in the paintings, ease of composition, and achievement you can see by just looking at it. Together with Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci, he is one of the great masters of that period.
  • Nov 10, 1483

    Martin Luther

    Martin Luther
    Martin Luther was a great man of the Renaissance who had changed the corruption of the Catholic Church. He created a new religios church in England. Martin Luther was born in Eisleben, Germany. His parents were Hans and Margarrete Luther, they were peasants. His father wanted him to become a lawyer so he was entered in school at age seven.
  • Apr 21, 1509

    Henry 8th

    Henry 8th
    Henry VIII was the King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death. He was the second Tudor monarch. Henry is best known for his six marriages and his efforts to have a son. His disagreement with the Pope lead to the separating the Church of England from papal authority and appointing himself the Supreme Head of the Church of England.
  • Jul 10, 1509

    John Calvin

    John Calvin
    John Calvin was an persuasive French pastor and reformer in Geneva during the Protestant Reformation. He was an important figure in the renaissance. He went to college in Paris to study scripture.
  • Sep 7, 1533

    Elizabeth 1st

    Elizabeth 1st
    Elizabeth the first was the long ruling queen of England. She governed relative stability and prosperity for 44 years. The Elizabethan era is named for her. She was born in Greenwich England. She was a princess but declared illegitimate through political machinations. She claimed the throne at the age of 25 and held it for 44 years. She kept England in the ascendant through wars, political and religious turmoil. She died in 1603.
  • Jan 22, 1561

    Francis Bacon

    Francis Bacon
    Francis Bacon was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, orator, and author. He served both as Attorney General and Lord Chancellor of England. After his death he remained well known because of his works, especially as philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method during the scientific revolution.
  • Apr 23, 1564

    William Shakespear

    William Shakespear
    William Shakespeare was an English poet and actor, widely known & talked about as the greatest writer in the English language. He is often called England's "national poet". He has approximately performed and written 38 plays, 154 sonnets, and two long narrative poems. His plays have been translated into every major language and are performed more often than those of any others.
  • Rene Descartes

    Rene Descartes
    Descartes was a french philosopher, mathematician, and a lover of science. He observed and thought that everything was open to doubt except conscious experience and existence. In mathematics, he developed and created the use of coordinates to locate a point in 2D or 3D. He spent an estimated 20 years of his life in the Dutch Republic after serving for a while in the Dutch States Army of Maurice of Nassau.
  • Isaac Newton

    Isaac Newton
    Sir Isaac Newton was an English mathematician, astronomer, and physicist who is famously known as one of the most influential scientists of all time in the scientific revolution. His book Philosophic Naturalism Principia Mathematica laid the foundations of classical mechanics. Newton also made great contributions to optics and he shares credit with Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz for developing calculus. He was a Christmas baby.