Fire starters (1-1.5 mya)The site that provides the evidence pointing to the earliest use of controlled fire was discovered in South Africa that dated back to between 1 and 1.5 million years ago. Fire offered protection for early humans as well as allowing them to cook their food in order to make it more edible and nutritious. This ensured the survival of humankind
Earlier human migrations in Dhofar, OmanHistorians used to agree that early humans left Africa some 60,000 years ago following the ancient coastline and venture into Asia and Europe. New discoveries at Dhofar, Oman, pointed out that a Nubian stone age civilisation actually existed some 106,000 years ago which led to much speculation about an earlier human migration. This changed history as humans were already forming stone age civilisations outside of Africa at such an early date.
Landings at Northern AustraliaA small band of early humans landed on the coast of Northern Africa 50,000 years ago. They ventured further inland, surprised to see abundant food and water sources. The ocean crossing from Asia to Australia was one of men's earliest achievements and this was why it was so important to human history.
Urge for Creative Expressions in Lascaux, FranceArts can be seen as a huge progress in humankind as it represented humankind's ability to have abstract and symbolic thoughts as well as thinking beyond their materialism based life.
Monte Verde, ChileThe Monte Verde archaeological site (I actually went to a similar site in Argentina) revealed that humans were settling in the Americas before previously thought through a wide array of artefacts, including bones and hearths. This was a turning point in human history as it completely toppled the assumption historians previously had on the human migration in the Americas and the fact that such an advanced civilisation can be found in Patagonia.
Agriculture in Fertile CrescentThe first forms of agriculture were established here which ensured the birth of civilisations as well as a steady food supply that accelerated the early population growths
Period:70,000 BCEto60,000 BCE
The First Steps Out of AfricaOn their journey out of Africa, early humans probably crossed the Bab-el-Mandeb Strait on the Red Sea as it was the shortest and easiest route to Arabia. Given a low sea level at the time, early humans can easily cross the strait with the help of a simple raft. This was important to human history as humans began their exodus out of Africa
Period:40,000 BCEto15,000 BCE
The Crossing of the Bering StraitThe earliest human crossing of the Bering Strait happened at the time where the global sea level was low to the extent where the continents of Eurasia and N. America were connected. This was an important turning point in human history as this was the first time humans ever set foot on the Americas. It also contributed to the isolation of cultures in Americas from the rest of the world.