Causes of WW2 1919-1939

Timeline created by NaidooYuvash
In History
  • Signing of the Treaty of Versailles

    Signing of the Treaty of Versailles
    The Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty that the Allied forces (France, Britain and America) made Germany sign at the end of the war. The conditions of this treaty was that Germany had to give up parts of their land to other colonies. This loss of land resulted in 10 percent of Germany's population being lost. Germany also had accept blame for the war and pay back 220 Billion marks to the Allied forces. Germany's army was reduced to 100 000 men and Germany could not have an air force.
  • Signing of the Treaty of Saint-Germain

     Signing of the Treaty of Saint-Germain
    German Austria signs the Treaty of Saint-Germain. The peace treaty with the Allies regulates the borders of Austria, forbids union with Germany and German Austria has to change its name to Austria.
  • Hitler joins German Workers Party

    Hitler joins German Workers Party
    Corporal Adolf Hitler dresses in Civilian clothing and attends a German Workers Party. He listens to a speech about eliminating capitalism After the speech, Hitler begins to leave when a man stands up and starts speaking in favor of the South German nation with Austria.This enraged Hitler and he spoke out forcefully against the man for the next fifteen minutes uninterupted. His ability to speak impresses people and a couple days later he is invited to join.
  • Prussian Prime Minister

    Prussian Prime Minister
    Otto Von Bismarck was the Prussian Prime Minister and led a Social Democratic Coalition Party from 1920 to 1932. Von Bismark was one of the Weimar politicians who offered to eliminate groups like the Nazis.
  • Adolf Hitler becomes leader of Nazi party

    Adolf Hitler becomes leader of Nazi party
    On the 29th of July in 1921 Adolf Hitler is elected the leader for the National Socialist Party, also known as the Nazis. Adolf Hitler is chosen due to his incredible public speaking skills and his ability to connect with public personally. The public loved him because he had gone through what the public had and he knew the struggles that the average German faced.
  • Founding of Hitler Youth

    Founding of Hitler Youth
    The first Nazi youth organizationwas founded in March, 1922. It was disbanded with Hitler‘s arrest following the failed Beer Hall Putsch in 1923. In 1926, the party’s growing group of younger members was officially named the Hitler Youth.
  • Facism Considered

    Facism Considered
    In October 1922, Mussolini's made his first moves on becoming Prime Minister. He wanted to secure power for himself for an infinite period. He persuaded the MP's to vote him full emergency powers for a year.
  • Mussolini's election in parliament

    Mussolini's election in parliament
    The idea and method of facism helped Mussolini in parliament. A new law gave the facists two third of the seats in parliament and a quarter of the votes. This meant that facist control and Mussolini were sure to win.
  • Mussolini announces for Italy

    Mussolini announces for Italy
    Mussolini felt strong enough to appear before parliament and announce that Italy wanted peace and calm in which to work. A new fascist offensive was launched against opposition politicians and journalists.
  • Mein Kampf

    Mein Kampf
    Mein Kampf or My struggle was Adolf Hitlers autobiography that he wrote while he was in prison for 9 months. Although Hitler originally wrote this book mostly for the followers of National Socialism, it grew in popularity. From the royalties, Hitler was able to afford a Mercedes automobile while still imprisoned.
  • Germany joins the League of Nations

    Germany joins the League of Nations
    In 1926, Germany joined the League of Nations showing its move out of economic depression. A German representative named Gustav Stresemann made the first speech as Germany became a member. Germany’s admission was a victory for the public and Germany once again became a respected member of the world community.
  • Kellog-Briand-Stresemann Pact

    Kellog-Briand-Stresemann Pact
    The Kellog-Briand-Stresemann Pact was negotiated in Paris by Frank Kellog (the American Secretary of State), August Briand (the French Foreign Minister), and Gustav Stresemann (the German Foreign Minister). The treaty declared that all the nations signing this pact committed themselves to renouncing aggressive war and to settle their differences by peaceful means. All the leading world powers signed this agreement.
  • Wall Street Crash

    Wall Street Crash
    The stock market in Wall Street crashes. The Wall Street crash also known Black Tuesday was the worst market crash ever in the USA. The stock market crash was one of the things that sparked the Great Depression. Black Tuesday afected all Western industrialized countries.
  • The Great Depression

    The Great Depression
    The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression in the 1930's. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations, but in most countries it started in 1930 and lasted until the late 1930s or middle 1940s. It was the longest, deepest, and most widespread depression of the 20th century.The great depression was due to high commodity prices, dramatic drops in demand and credit, and disruption of trade, ultimately resulting in widespread poverty and unemployment.
  • French troops withdraw from the Rhineland

    French troops withdraw from the Rhineland
    One of the conditions of that the Treaty of Versailles was that the Rhineland was to be occupied by the Allied forces until 1935. British troops left in the late 1929. French troops left soon after in 1930. This meant that the Rhineland was unoccupied.
  • Mukden Incident and Invasion of Manchuria

    Mukden Incident and Invasion of Manchuria
    The Japanese stage a false flag bombing against a Japanese-owned railroad in the Chinese region of Manchuria, blaming Chinese dissidents for the attack. This leads to the Kwantung Army of the Empire of Japan invading Manchuria immediately following the Mukden Incident. The Japanese established a puppet state, called Manchukuo, and their occupation lasts until the end of World War II.
  • Hitler runs for the German Presidential Elections

    Hitler runs for the German Presidential Elections
    The German Presidential Elections are held and the two major candidates are Paul von Hindenburg and Adolf Hitler. Paul von Hindenburg is reelected to serve another 7 year term. He is 85 years old and most people believe that if he dies Hitler will take his place. Von Hindenburg is sol old that people also believe that Hitler has control over him.
  • Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany

    Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany
    Paul von Hindenburg appoints Hitler the Chancellor of Germany. Paul von Hindenburg helped make the Nazis and he wanted them to have a say. This sparked the begining of Nazi Germany.
  • Reichstag Fire

    Reichstag Fire
    The Reichstag fire was an arson attack on the Reichstag building in Berlin on 27 February 1933. The fire was used as evidence by the Nazis that the Communists were plotting against the German government and the event is seen as pivotal in the establishment of Nazi Germany. As a consequence there were mass communist arrests. With the biggest rivals, the communists gone, the Nazis now had full control and no competition.
  • German–Polish Non-Aggression Pact

    German–Polish Non-Aggression Pact
    The German–Polish Non-Aggression Pact was an international treaty between Nazi Germany and the Second Polish Republic signed on January 26, 1934. The agreement meant that Germany and Poland could not attack each other for ten years.
  • Hitler becomes the Führer of Germany

    Hitler becomes the Führer of Germany
    Paul von Hindenburg dies from lung cancer at the age of 86 at his home in Prussia. After learning that Hindenburg was on his death bed, Hitler had the German cabinet pass a law that stated if the president dies the role of president and chancellor would be merged. 2 hours after the death of Hindenburg, Hitler becomes the Führer meaning the leader
  • Remilitarization of the Rhineland

    Remilitarization of the Rhineland
    The remilitarization of the Rhineland by the German Army took place on 7 March 1936 when German military forces entered the Rhineland. This was significant because it violated the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, marking the first time since the end of World War I that German troops had been in this region.
  • Anschluss

    Anschluss
    The Anschluss also known as the Anschluss Österreichs was the occupation and annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany in 1938. Germany wanted to Unite Austria and Germany because Hitler was an Austrian and there were 8 million German speakers in Austria, One of Hitlers main political aims was to gain more living space. It also meant that again they would be breaking the treaty of Versailles and Pushing Britain and France even more to their limits.
  • Munich Agreement

    Munich Agreement
    The Munich Agreement is signed by Germany, France, the United Kingdom, and Italy. The agreement allows Germany to take over the Czechoslovak Sudetenland area in exchange for peace in an attempt to appease Hitler.
  • Kristallnacht

    Kristallnacht
    The Kristallnacht was a series of co-ordianted against Jews throughout Nazi Germany and parts of Austria on 9–10 November 1938, carried out by SA paramilitary forces and non-Jewish civilians. German authorities looked on without intervening.The name Kristallnacht comes from the shards of broken glass that littered the streets after Jewish-owned stores, buildings, and synagogues had their windows smashed
  • Germany invades Poland

    Germany invades Poland
    In response to Hitler's continued aggression in Eastern Europe, Britain and France warn Hitler that if he invades Poland they will have to go to war with Germany in an attempt to stop Hitler's bid for global hegemony. Hitler does not listen and bombards Poland. He quickly destroys the defence force and leaves Poland defenselss. Hitler takes over Poland and WW2 starts.
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    Causes of WW2